Merging the shapes #

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In Illustrator, FreeHand, and you can create new shapes by combining overlapping objects. When used properly merge commands allow you to create complex works even without using the Pen tool and edit Bezier curves. This technique is particularly used when performing similar orders from the same customer. In Illustrator, merge commands are given by using the Pathfinder, and FreeHand are known as teams combining.

 

Pathfinder Commands

Pathfinder commands are located on the palette Pathfinder. (In earlier versions of Illustrator are represented as filters.) Make sure that before applying the commands in this palette all the objects selected.

 

Unite

Unite command is applied to all selected objects. When overlapping objects they converted into a complex shape. If some of the pieces do not intersect, the result is a figure based on a compound path. (In detail about them, see the section “Use of compound paths (Combining figures)” in this chapter).

unite
When using the command Unite all overlapping objects are converted into a complex object

 

Intersect

Intersect command is used to create a new shape based on the overlapping areas of the selected figures.

intersect
The command Intersect only overlapping areas make a new shape

 

Exclude

Exclude command removes all areas of any objects, overlapping with the lowest object. All information is converted into a compound path.

When you use the <strong> Exclude </strong>command all fields of the top object overlapping with the bottom are removed. The effect is similar to the implementation of the operation Object → Compound Path → Make
When you use the Exclude command all fields of the top object overlapping with the bottom are removed. The effect is similar to the implementation of the operation Object → Compound Path → Make

 

Minus Front

Minus Front operation is performed to remove the data from all the overlapping regions with the lowest object.

When you use the <strong> Minus Front </strong> command all upper objects will be deleted along with all the overlapping regions
When you use the Minus Front command all upper objects will be deleted along with all the overlapping regions

 

Minus Back

Minus Back command affects only the topmost object. All the data lying underneath is deleted together with overlapping areas.

When using the <strong> Minus Back </strong> command all the figures lying beneath are removed from the image, only the upper part of the image remains
When using the Minus Back command all the figures lying beneath are removed from the image, only the upper part of the image remains

 

Divide

Divide operation is applied depending on the type of circuit – open or closed. If you select overlapping pieces, the result of this operation is that they are separated by the contour intersection shapes. If you select a group of objects containing the open crossing its contours, the figure will be divided to these circuits. The new shapes as th result of division of the old shapes are automatically grouped. To manage them independently, click Object → Ungroup.

1 - Separation of shape by shape, 2 - Figure separation by contour ** When the separating of the overlapping shapes and paths there are produced new figures. When overlapping shapes there are new shapes formed by the intersection of the second circuit of one figure (above). If the figure is covered by open circuit, the Divide command causes separation of the underlying shape around this circuit
1 – Separation of shape by shape, 2 – Figure separation by contour ** When the separating of the overlapping shapes and paths there are produced new figures. When overlapping shapes there are new shapes formed by the intersection of the second circuit of one figure (above). If the figure is covered by open circuit, the Divide command causes separation of the underlying shape around this circuit

 

Trim

This command allows you to hide part of the data of overlapping shapes. New formed at the same time, the figures are automatically grouped. To be able to manage them individually, choose Objects → Ungroup.

When you use the <strong> Trim </strong> command to a set of overlapping objects, only a part of their overlapping areas is hidden
When you use the Trim command to a set of overlapping objects, only a part of their overlapping areas is hidden

 

Merge

Merge command does the same thing as Trim, only one big exception: if some overlapping objects have the same fill, they merge into a single object. The resulting division of the old shapes new automatically while grouped. To manage them independently, click Object → Ungroup.

<strong> Merge</strong> command is similar to its effect on the Trim command. The difference is that at the intersection of the figures with the same fill they simply merge into one
Merge command is similar to its effect on the Trim command. The difference is that at the intersection of the figures with the same fill they simply merge into one

 

Crop

Crop command is used to cut area of the lower object by the contour of upper shapes. The resulting division of the old shapes are new and automatically will be grouped. To manage them independently, click Object → Ungroup.

After <strong> Crop </strong> operation execution the bottom object is cut by the form of the upper
After Crop operation execution the bottom object is cut by the form of the upper

 

Outline

Outline command It allows you to convert the overlapping shapes in subtle contours superimposed on each other in accordance with the order of the contours. Color contour corresponds to the fill color image of his figure. The color of the boundary lines, for certain shapes before, the colors of the new circuit is not affected. The resulting division of the old shapes new automatically while grouped. To manage them independently, click Object → Ungroup.

 The Trap command of the Pathfinder palette is described in «Trapping» chapter.

outline
Outline command allows you to create contours on the basis of overlapping shapes