14. The theory of color expression

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Optical, electromagnetic and chemical processes occurring in our eyes and in the mind by observing the color match often parallel processes in the field of human psychology. Experiences arising from the perception of color, can penetrate deep into the brain centers and determine the emotional and spiritual perception. Goethe is no coincidence talked about sensual and moral effects of color.

Somehow I was told the following story. One business man invited the whole company to dinner ladies and men. Incoming guests were welcomed into the house coming from the kitchen smells amazing, and invited all anticipating a feast awaits them. When the merry company placed around a table covered with beautifully prepared dishes, the owner lit dining room in red. Meat dishes Color delicate pink color and it looked delicious and fresh, but the spinach became completely black, and bright red potatoes. Do not have time to recover from the surprise guests, such as red crossed in blue – made a putrid shade of hot, and potatoes seemed moldy. All invited immediately lost all appetite. But when, in addition to all this, the owner turned on the yellow light turning red wine in a vegetable oil, and the guests in the living corpses, several sensitive ladies got up and quickly left the dining room. No one came to mind and think about food, although everyone present knew that all these strange feelings have been caused only by a change of color lighting. The owner, laughing, again including white light, and soon all gathered back cheerful mood. There is no doubt that color has a huge impact on us, no matter if we return we are currently in the report or not.

The deep blue of the sea and distant mountains fascinates us. The same color indoors seems eerie and lifeless, he inspires us with horror, and we hardly dare to breathe. Blue reflection on the skin make it pale, almost lifeless. In the darkness of the night blue neon light seems attractive, like the blue color on a black background, and with the red and yellow light produces a fun lively tone. Blue, sunlit sky, we have on revitalizing, activating effect, as it were, while the blue tone of the sky illuminated by the moon causes passivity, awakening in our heart inexplicable melancholy.

Reds face gives rage or fever, bluish, greenish or yellowish color of his talk about the painful human condition, although each of these pure colors nothing painful. Red sky threatened by bad weather, and blue, green or yellow sky promises fine weather. On the basis of these everyday observations it would seem impossible to go to simple and accurate conclusions about the expressiveness of color. Yellow shade, light purple, blue-green light, red-orange ice – all this seemingly stands in stark contrast to our experience and gives the impression of some kind of otherworldly. And only people who know how deeply and delightfully responsive, able to perceive color and its combination without referring them to the proper objects.

For example, the four seasons can be shown that the perception and experience of color can be predetermined by objective, although each person sees, feels and appreciates the color differently. The statement “pleasant – unpleasant” can not be the basis of a correct and truthful color palette. Will be more acceptable criteria that arise when our judgment concerning each individual color upon evaluation of the overall color tone. From the position of the four seasons, this means that for each of them, we should find the colors in the color ball, which generally clearly express his character.

Spring, radiant with joy and youth awakening of nature, usually expressed colors, filled with light. This, of course, as the yellow color close to white, and yellow-green as the highest degree of manifestation of yellow. Light pink and light blue colors enhance and enrich the sound of it. A yellow, pink and purple flowers bloom perceived kidneys.

Fall colors contrast sharply with spring. Autumn foliage plant dies and becomes brown and purple hues. Promise of Spring realized in the summer of maturity. Summer nature if finds expression in abundance and splendor of forms and colors of the force reaches its fullness plastic creative power. Warm, rich, active colors that are only in a certain part of the color wheel, having a special power and energy are the main colors to express the intensity of the summer. The different green tones reinforce here only shades of red and blue colors – additional sound to them orange.

For pictures of winter, which in its magnetically attraction forces of the nature of the land plunges into a passive state, requires cold colors, shining inner depth, transparent and spirituality. The majestic nature of the breathing cycle, to perform a change of seasons, thus finds itself a clear objective color expression. If you select color combinations to give up our knowledge and does not have a constantly before the eyes of the whole world of colors, our destiny – it’s just tasteless, limited solutions and the loss of the true and truthful. Apparently, there is no way for the emergence of a correct judgment on the expressive qualities of color, than the study of its relations with any other color or a combination.


To understand the psychological spiritual expressiveness of each color, peculiar only to him, the need to compare. To avoid possible errors, you need the most accurate way to give the name of the color, to determine its nature, the tone that we have in mind, as well as the color with which we compare it. When we say – “red”, you must keep in mind what it is red, and in relation to what color there was one or another of its characteristics. The yellowish-red, orange-red – something quite different than the bluish-red and orange-red to lemon yellow background again is very different from an orange-red on a black background or purple background with him the same lightness. In the future we will look yellow, red and orange, blue, orange, purple and green colors in the order in which they are located on dvenadtsatichastnom color wheel (Fig. 3), and describe their relationship to pinpoint their psychological and spiritual expression.