8. Mixing colors

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In order to penetrate into the world the richness of the color, it would be good to do some regular exercise to mix colors together. Based on the color and sensitivity of the technical features for individual exercises you can select a larger or smaller number of colors to be mixed. Each color can be mixed with the black, white or gray, or any other chromatic color series. A huge number of new color formations that arise when mixed, form a vast wealth of color in the world.

Stripes. At the two ends of a narrow band we put any two colors gradually begin to mix them. Depending on the two original colors, we obtain the corresponding mixed shades, which in turn can be lightened or darkened.

Triangles. Each side of the equilateral triangle we divide into three equal parts and connect the data points by lines parallel to the sides of the triangle. Thus, a nine small triangles in the corner of which we put the yellow, red and blue color and consistently mix red with yellow, yellow, blue and red and blue, placing the mixture in a triangle located between the corner. In each of the remaining triangles we put him in contact with a mixture of three colors. Such exercises can be carried out with other colors.

Squares. In the four corners of the circuit consisting of 25 squares, place the white, black and a couple of other basic colors – red and green, and then proceed to mix colors. First, let’s go from the original angles, then start mixing colors on a diagonal, and finally got missing here other chromatic colors. Instead of black, white, red and green, you can use the other two pairs of additional (complementary) color, as it is given in Figure 30.

Colours taken us a triangle and a square form a closed uniform system of tones that are related to each other. Anyone wishing to further explore the possibility of mixing colors, should try to mix every color with any other. To do this, divide the large square 13 * 13 small squares. At the same time the first square in the top row on the left should be left white. In the squares of the upper horizontal row should be placed twelve colors of the color wheel ranging from yellow through orange to yellow and yellow-green. In the squares of the first vertical row should be consistent to the color purple and blue through purple and blue to come to a red-purple color. The squares of the second horizontal row are obtained by mixing the colors of each of the first horizontal row with purple. The squares of the third horizontal row filled with a mixture of the first horizontal row of colors with a blue-violet. When each color of the first vertical row will be mixed with the colors of the first horizontal row, in the general scheme will be left clearly visible diagonal gray tones, as this is where the connection of additional tones. After studying the problem of color perform a certain number of exercises for mixing colors, they can move on to more accurately reproducing ask them colors. Samples tonal decisions can be taken from nature, art or any other art meaningful things. The value of these exercises is that you can check your color perception. It is clear that in the finest technical processes of measurement and calculations is often in the end prove to be insufficient and the desired result can be obtained only through subtle intuition gifted workers and artistically blend of colors and color compositions can be perfectly fulfilled only due to the high sensitivity artist to color.

Generally speaking, the perception of the color corresponds to the subjective taste. People who are particularly sensitive to the blue color will distinguish its many shades, while shades of red might be inaccessible to them. For this reason, it is important to gain experience with all the colors of the chromatic series, in connection with which “foreign” for someone to groups of colors will be evaluated according to their merits. In addition to the principles outlined here pigmentary mix, there is also a method of optical color mixing. It is based on the fact that pure colors are miscible mazochki or small dots are arranged next to each other. When the coated surface thus begins to be seen at a certain distance, all the color points are mixed in the eyes in a single color impression. The advantage of this kind of mixing is that acting on our eyes colors are cleaner and more vibrating. Color separation surface into elementary point-rasters used in printing and, in particular, in full-color offset printing, where all these dots are combined in the eye perceives a solid color surface. If we consider the book reproductions printed on offset, in a magnifying glass, these points are clearly visible. In ordinary four-color printing different shades obtained through combinations or mixtures of the four standard colors – yellow, blue-green, blue-red and black. It is clear that these four components and mixtures thereof does not always give the most accurate reproduction. In those cases where it is necessary extremely high quality reproduction, uses seven and even more colors. Another clear example of the mixing of colors can be found in weaving. Various colored base and thread are combined according to the pattern of the fabric more or less one color unit. Well here it is a familiar example of the Scottish fabric. In those places where the colored warp threads intersect with the head of the same color, there are squares of pure bright color. But where are crossed and mixed yarn, dyed in different colors, the fabric as it is formed of colored dots and its color is perceived sufficiently specific only to a certain distance. The original decision of the cellular tissue of fine wool were heraldic individual membership of Scottish clans and up to date in its colors and color relationships serve as a model for textile designs.